Nested headings Screen reader compatibility

Last updated: October 16, 2016

Expected Result: causes problems in some screen readers

Actual Result: causes problems in 28 screen reader / browser combinations

For expected failures, the results show which AT combos the failures affect. Results are recorded from the user's viewpoint, so describe the user impact of authoring errors.

Code used for this test:


        <h2><h3>Third level heading</h3> Second level heading</h2>
        <p>Second level content</p>
    

Change History

Last updated: October 16, 2016

Screen readerBrowserModeNotesWhat the user hears
Fail NVDA 2016.2FF48HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Third level heading, heading level 3
Fail NVDA 2016.2IE11HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Third level heading, heading level 3
Fail NVDA 2015.2FF41HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Third level heading, heading level 3
Fail NVDA 2015.2IE11HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Third level heading, heading level 3
Fail NVDA 2014.1FF29HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Third level heading, heading level 3
Fail NVDA 2014.1IE11HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Third level heading, heading level 3
Fail NVDA 2012.1FF29HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Third level heading, heading level 3
Fail NVDA 2012.1IE11HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Third level heading, heading level 3
Fail JAWS 17.0.2619FF48HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Third level heading, heading level 3
Fail JAWS 17.0.2619IE11HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Third level heading, heading level 3
Fail JAWS 16.0.4350FF41HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Third level heading, heading level 3
Fail JAWS 16.0.4350IE11HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Third level heading, heading level 3
Fail JAWS 15.0.9023FF29HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Third level heading, heading level 3
Fail JAWS 15.0.9023IE11HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Third level heading, heading level 3
Fail JAWS 14.0.9002FF29HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Third level heading, heading level 3
Fail JAWS 14.0.9002IE11HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Third level heading, heading level 3
Fail JAWS 13.0.852FF29HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Third level heading, heading level 3
Fail JAWS 13.0.852IE11HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Third level heading, heading level 3
Fail WindowEyes 9.2IE11HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Heading 3, Third level heading
Fail WindowEyes 8.4IE11HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Heading 3, Third level heading
Fail VoiceOver OSX 10.11Safari 9.1.2HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Heading level 3, third level heading.
Fail VoiceOver OSX 10.10Safari 9.0.1HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Heading level 3, third level heading.
Fail VoiceOver OSX 10.9Safari 7.0.3HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Heading level 3, third level heading.
Fail VoiceOver iOS 9.1Safari iOS 9.1TouchHeading level 2 ignored. Third level heading, heading level 3.
Fail VoiceOver iOS 8.4Safari iOS 8.4TouchUnlabelled heading 2 exposed, followed by level 3 heading. Two, heading level 2. Heading level 3, third level heading.
Fail VoiceOver iOS 7.1Safari iOS 7.1TouchStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Heading level 3, third level heading.
Fail Dolphin SR 15.05IE11HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Heading 3, third level heading.
Fail SaToGo 3.4.96.0IE11HeadingStart of nested heading ends parent heading, outer heading text following inner heading is not exposed as a heading. Third level heading, heading level 3

SortSite rules: AccWcag1-3.5.2

Test notes

All tests were carried out with screen reader factory settings. JAWS in particular has a wide variety of settings controlling exactly what gets spoken.

Screen readers allow users to interact in different modes, and can produce very different results in each mode. The modes used in these tests are:

In the «What the user hears» column: