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PDF untagged Screen reader compatibility

Last updated: October 16, 2021

Expected Result: causes problems in some screen readers

Actual Result: causes problems in 32 screen reader / browser combinations

For expected failures, the results show which AT combos the failures affect. Results are recorded from the user's viewpoint, so describe the user impact of authoring errors.

Code used for this test:


        <a href='SR_PDF_untagged.pdf'>SR_PDF_untagged.pdf</a>
    

Change History

Last updated: October 16, 2021

Screen readerBrowserModeNotesWhat the user hears
Fail NVDA 2021.2Chrome 94 ReadingReads document text fragments, but no image descriptions. Heading level 2, untagged document. Save as best for printing PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat. Document properties after re-saving, graphic, unlabeled graphic.
Fail NVDA 2021.2FF91 ReadingReads fragments of text, no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Clickable, untagged document, save as best for printing PDF in Word which saves document as untagged, check. In Acrobat document properties after re-saving.
Fail NVDA 2021.2Edge 94 ReadingReads document text fragments, but no image descriptions. Heading level 2, untagged document. Graphic unlabeled, graphic, save as best for printing PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check. In Acrobat. Document properties after re-saving.
Fail NVDA 2020.2Chrome 86 ReadingReads document text, but no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Untagged document. Save as best for printing PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat. Document properties after re-saving, graphic, unlabeled graphic.
Fail NVDA 2020.2FF78 ReadingReads fragments of text, no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Clickable, untagged document. Save as. Best for printing. PDF. In. Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat. Document properties after re. Saving.
Fail NVDA 2020.2Edge 92 ReadingReads document text fragments, but no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Heading level 2, untagged document. Graphic unlabeled, graphic. Save as best for printing PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged. In Acrobat. Document properties after re-saving.
Fail NVDA 2019.2Chrome 79 ReadingReads document text, but no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Untagged document. Save as best for printing PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat. Document properties after re-saving, graphic, unlabeled graphic.
Fail NVDA 2019.2FF68 ReadingReads fragments of text, no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Clickable, save as. Best for printing. PDF. In. Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat. Document properties after re. Saving.
Fail NVDA 2019.2IE11 ReadingReads document text, but no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Untagged document. Save as best for printing PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged. Check in Acrobat. Document properties after re-saving.
Fail NVDA 2018.4Chrome 73 ReadingReads document text, but no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Untagged document. Save as best for printing PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat. Document properties after re-saving, graphic, unlabeled graphic.
Fail NVDA 2018.4FF60 ReadingReads fragments of text, no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Clickable, save as. Best for printing. PDF. In. Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat. Document properties after re. Saving.
Fail NVDA 2018.4IE11 ReadingReads document text, but no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Untagged document. Save as best for printing PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged. Check in Acrobat. Document properties after re-saving.
Fail NVDA 2017.3IE11 ReadingReads document text, but no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Untagged document. Save as best for printing PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged. Check in Acrobat. Document properties after re-saving.
Fail JAWS 2021.2107.12Chrome 94 ReadingReads document text fragments, but no image descriptions and incorrect roles. Untagged document. Save as apostrophe best for printing apostrophe PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat. Document properties after re-saving, dot unlabeled graphic, heading level 2.
Fail JAWS 2021.2107.12FF91 ReadingReads document text, but no indication of document roles or images. Untagged document, save as apostrophe best for printing apostrophe PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat document properties after re-saving.
Fail JAWS 2021.2107.12Edge 94 ReadingReads document text fragments and incorrect heading levels, but no image descriptions. Heading level 2, untagged document. Unlabeled graphic, save as apostrophe best for printing apostrophe PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat. Document properties after re-saving.
Fail JAWS 2020.2008.24Chrome 86 ReadingReads document text, but no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Untagged document. Save as apostrophe best for printing apostrophe PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat. Document properties after re-saving, dot unlabeled graphic.
Fail JAWS 2020.2008.24FF78 ReadingReads document text, but no indication of document roles or images. Untagged document, save as apostrophe best for printing apostrophe PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat document properties after re-saving.
Fail JAWS 2020.2008.24Edge 92 ReadingReads document text and incorrect heading levels, but no image descriptions. Heading level 2, untagged document. Unlabeled graphic, save as apostrophe best for printing apostrophe PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat. Document properties after re-saving.
Fail JAWS 2019.1912.1Chrome 79 ReadingReads document text, but no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Untagged document. Save as best for printing PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat. Document properties after re-saving, graphic, unlabeled graphic.
Fail JAWS 2019.1912.1FF68 ReadingReads document text, but no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Untagged document, save as best for printing PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat document properties after re-saving.
Fail JAWS 2019.1912.1IE11 ReadingReads document text, but no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Untagged document. Graphic five. Save as best for printing PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat document properties after re-saving.
Fail JAWS 2018.1811.2Chrome 73 ReadingReads document text, but no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Untagged document. Save as best for printing PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat. Document properties after re-saving, dot, unlabeled graphic.
Fail JAWS 2018.1811.2FF60 ReadingReads document text, but no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Untagged document, save as best for printing PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat document properties after re-saving, clickable.
Fail JAWS 2018.1811.2IE11 ReadingReads document text, but no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Untagged document. Save as best for printing PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat document properties after re-saving.
Fail JAWS 17.0.2007IE11 ReadingReads document text, but no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Untagged document. Graphic five. Save as best for printing PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat document properties after re-saving.
Fail VoiceOver macOS 11.5Safari 15.0 ReadingReads partial document text, but no indication of document roles or image descriptions. 6 items, untagged document, Save as best for printing PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat document properties after re-saving. Image
Fail VoiceOver macOS 10.15Safari 14.1 ReadingOnly some text read, no indication of document roles or image descriptions 3 items, untagged document, image
Fail VoiceOver macOS 10.14Safari 13.0 ReadingOnly text read, no indication of document roles or image descriptions 3 items, untagged document, image
Fail VoiceOver iOS 14.7Safari iOS 14.7TouchReads partial document text, but no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Save as best for printing PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat. Document properties after re-saving, image.
Fail VoiceOver iOS 13.3Safari iOS 13.3TouchReads partial document text, but no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Save as best for printing PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat. Document properties after re-saving, image.
Fail VoiceOver iOS 12.4Safari iOS 12.4TouchReads partial document text, but no indication of document roles or image descriptions. Save as best for printing PDF in Word which which saves document as untagged, check in Acrobat. Document properties after re-saving, graphic, unlabeled graphic.

Test notes

All tests were carried out with screen reader factory settings. JAWS in particular has a wide variety of settings controlling exactly what gets spoken.

Screen readers allow users to interact in different modes, and can produce very different results in each mode. The modes used in these tests are:

In the "What the user hears" column: