[Skip navigation links]
Login

Link target opens in new window Screen reader compatibility

Last updated: September 11, 2022

Expected Result: causes problems in some screen readers

Actual Result: causes problems in 60 screen reader / browser combinations

For expected failures, the results show which AT combos the failures affect. Results are recorded from the user's viewpoint, so describe the user impact of authoring errors.

WCAG Failure: F22

Code used for this test:


        <a href='http://www.example.com' target='_blank'>Example</a>
    

Change History

Last updated: September 11, 2022

Screen readerBrowserModeNotesWhat the user hears
Fail NVDA 2022.2Chrome 105 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2022.2FF102 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2022.2Edge 105 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2021.2Chrome 94 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2021.2FF91 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2021.2Edge 94 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2020.2Chrome 86 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2020.2FF78 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2020.2Edge 92 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2019.2Chrome 79 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2019.2FF68 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2019.2IE11 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2018.4Chrome 73 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2018.4FF60 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2018.4IE11 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2017.3FF60 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2017.3IE11 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2016.2FF48 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2016.2IE11 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2015.2FF41 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2015.2IE11 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2014.1FF29 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail NVDA 2014.1IE11 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail JAWS 2022.2207.25Chrome 105 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example link.
Fail JAWS 2022.2207.25FF102 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example link
Fail JAWS 2022.2207.25Edge 105 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example link.
Fail JAWS 2021.2107.12Chrome 94 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example link.
Fail JAWS 2021.2107.12FF91 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example link
Fail JAWS 2021.2107.12Edge 94 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example link.
Fail JAWS 2020.2008.24Chrome 86 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example link.
Fail JAWS 2020.2008.24FF78 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example link
Fail JAWS 2020.2008.24Edge 92 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example link.
Fail JAWS 2019.1912.1Chrome 79 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example link
Fail JAWS 2019.1912.1FF68 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example link
Fail JAWS 2019.1912.1IE11 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, says "new tab page" after link clicked. Example link. New tab page.
Fail JAWS 2018.1811.2Chrome 73 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Tab, example link
Fail JAWS 2018.1811.2FF60 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Tab, example link
Fail JAWS 2018.1811.2IE11 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, says "new tab page" after link clicked. Tab, example link. New tab page.
Fail JAWS 18.0.5038FF52 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Tab, example link
Fail JAWS 18.0.5038IE11 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, says "new tab page" after link clicked. Tab, example link. New tab page.
Fail JAWS 17.0.2619FF48 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail JAWS 17.0.2619IE11 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, says "new tab page" after link clicked. Example, link. New tab page.
Fail JAWS 16.0.4350FF41 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail JAWS 16.0.4350IE11 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, says "new tab link" first time link clicked (but not on subsequent clicks). Example, link. New tab page.
Fail JAWS 15.0.9023FF29 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail JAWS 15.0.9023IE11 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail JAWS 14.0.9002FF29 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail JAWS 14.0.9002IE11 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, says "new tab link" first time link clicked. Example, link. New tab link.
Fail WindowEyes 9.2IE11 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Link, example
Fail WindowEyes 8.4IE11 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Link, example
OK VoiceOver macOS 12.5Safari 15.6 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, but Back button goes back to previous page. Link, example
OK VoiceOver macOS 11.5Safari 15.0 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, but Back button goes back to previous page. Link, example
OK VoiceOver macOS 10.15Safari 14.1 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, but Back button goes back to previous page. Link, example
OK VoiceOver macOS 10.14Safari 13.0 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, but Back button goes back to previous page. Link, example
Fail VoiceOver macOS 10.13Safari 12.1 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Link, example
Fail VoiceOver macOS 10.12Safari 10.1.2 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Link, example
Fail VoiceOver macOS 10.11Safari 9.1.2 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Link, example
Fail VoiceOver macOS 10.10Safari 9.0.1 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail VoiceOver macOS 10.9Safari 7.0.3 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
OK VoiceOver iOS 15.6Safari iOS 15.6TouchNo indication link has opened in new window, but Back button goes back to previous page. Example, link
OK VoiceOver iOS 14.7Safari iOS 14.7TouchNo indication link has opened in new window, but Back button goes back to previous page. Example, link
OK VoiceOver iOS 13.3Safari iOS 13.3TouchNo indication link has opened in new window, but Back button goes back to previous page. Example, link
OK VoiceOver iOS 12.4Safari iOS 12.4TouchNo indication link has opened in new window, but Back button goes back to previous page. Example, link
OK VoiceOver iOS 11.4Safari iOS 11.4TouchNo indication link has opened in new window, but Back button goes back to previous page. Example, link
Fail VoiceOver iOS 10.3Safari iOS 10.3TouchNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail VoiceOver iOS 9.1Safari iOS 9.1TouchNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail VoiceOver iOS 8.4Safari iOS 8.4TouchNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail VoiceOver iOS 7.1Safari iOS 7.1TouchNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Example, link
Fail Dolphin SR 15.05IE11 TabbingNo indication link opens in new window before clicking, or that one has opened after clicking link. Normal, example link

SortSite rules: AccHtmlLinkTargetNew

Test notes

All tests were carried out with screen reader factory settings. JAWS in particular has a wide variety of settings controlling exactly what gets spoken.

Screen readers allow users to interact in different modes, and can produce very different results in each mode. The modes used in these tests are:

In the "What the user hears" column: