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Heading only spaces Screen reader compatibility

Last updated: October 16, 2016

Expected Result: causes problems in some screen readers

Actual Result: causes problems in 2 screen reader / browser combinations

For expected failures, the results show which AT combos the failures affect. Results are recorded from the user's viewpoint, so describe the user impact of authoring errors.

Code used for this test:

        <h1> </h1>
        <p>Heading with only spaces content</p>

Change History

Last updated: October 16, 2016

Screen readerBrowserModeNotesWhat the user hears
OK NVDA 2016.2FF48HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK NVDA 2016.2IE11HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK NVDA 2015.2FF41HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK NVDA 2015.2IE11HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK NVDA 2014.1FF29HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK NVDA 2014.1IE11HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK NVDA 2012.1FF29HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK NVDA 2012.1IE11HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK JAWS 17.0.2619FF48HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK JAWS 17.0.2619IE11HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK JAWS 16.0.4350FF41HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK JAWS 16.0.4350IE11HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK JAWS 15.0.9023FF29HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK JAWS 15.0.9023IE11HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK JAWS 14.0.9002FF29HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK JAWS 14.0.9002IE11HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK JAWS 13.0.852FF29HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK JAWS 13.0.852IE11HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK WindowEyes 9.2IE11HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK WindowEyes 8.4IE11HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK VoiceOver OSX 10.11Safari 9.1.2HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK VoiceOver OSX 10.10Safari 9.0.1HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK VoiceOver OSX 10.9Safari 7.0.3HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK VoiceOver iOS 9.1Safari iOS 9.1HeadingEmpty heading ignored
Fail VoiceOver iOS 8.4Safari iOS 8.4HeadingUnlabelled heading announced One, heading level 1
OK VoiceOver iOS 7.1Safari iOS 7.1HeadingEmpty heading ignored
OK Dolphin SR 15.05IE11HeadingEmpty heading ignored
Fail SaToGo following paragraph as heading Heading with only spaces content, heading level 1

SortSite rules: AccWcag1-3.5.3

Test notes

All tests were carried out with screen reader factory settings. JAWS in particular has a wide variety of settings controlling exactly what gets spoken.

Screen readers allow users to interact in different modes, and can produce very different results in each mode. The modes used in these tests are:

In the «What the user hears» column: