Data table with null SUMMARY but no TH Screen reader compatibility

Last updated: September 5, 2016

Expected Result: causes problems in some screen readers

Actual Result: causes problems in 31 screen reader / browser combinations

For expected failures, the results show which AT combos the failures affect. Results are recorded from the user's viewpoint, so describe the user impact of authoring errors.

Code used for this test:


        <table summary=''>
          <tbody>
            <tr>
              <td><strong>Morning</strong></td>
              <td><strong>Afternoon</strong></td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>Free</td>
              <td>Busy</td>
            </tr>
          </tbody>
        </table>
    

Change History

Last updated: September 5, 2016

Screen readerBrowserModeNotesWhat the user hears
Fail NVDA 2016.2FF48 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Speak Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail NVDA 2016.2IE11 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Speak Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail NVDA 2015.2FF41 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Speak Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail NVDA 2015.2IE11 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Speak Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail NVDA 2014.1FF31 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Speak Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail NVDA 2014.1IE11 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Speak Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail NVDA 2012.3FF32 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Speak Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail NVDA 2012.3IE11 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Speak Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail JAWS 17.0.2619FF48 ReadingRecognized as data table, but no column headers are read out when Ctrl+Alt+Numpad+5 keyed. Speak Table with two columns and two rows. Morning (column one, row one, morning). Afternoon (column two, row one, afternoon). Free (column one, row two, free). Busy (column two, row two, busy).
Fail JAWS 17.0.2619IE11 ReadingRecognized as data table, but no column headers are read out when Ctrl+Alt+Numpad+5 keyed. Speak Table with two columns and two rows. Morning (column one, row one, morning). Afternoon (column two, row one, afternoon). Free (column one, row two, free). Busy (column two, row two, busy).
Fail JAWS 16.0.4350FF41 ReadingRecognized as data table, but no column headers are read out when Ctrl+Alt+Numpad+5 keyed. Speak Table with two columns and two rows. Morning (column one, row one, morning). Afternoon (column two, row one, afternoon). Free (column one, row two, free). Busy (column two, row two, busy).
Fail JAWS 16.0.4350IE11 ReadingRecognized as data table, but no column headers are read out when Ctrl+Alt+Numpad+5 keyed. Speak Table with two columns and two rows. Morning (column one, row one, morning). Afternoon (column two, row one, afternoon). Free (column one, row two, free). Busy (column two, row two, busy).
Fail JAWS 15.0.9023FF31 ReadingRecognized as data table, but no column headers are read out when Ctrl+Alt+Numpad+5 keyed. Speak Table with two columns and two rows. Morning (column one, row one, morning). Afternoon (column two, row one, afternoon). Free (column one, row two, free). Busy (column two, row two, busy).
Fail JAWS 15.0.9023IE11 ReadingRecognized as data table, but no column headers are read out when Ctrl+Alt+Numpad+5 keyed. Speak Table with two columns and two rows. Morning (column one, row one, morning). Afternoon (column two, row one, afternoon). Free (column one, row two, free). Busy (column two, row two, busy).
Fail JAWS 14.0.9002FF31 ReadingRecognized as data table, but no column headers are read out when Ctrl+Alt+Numpad+5 keyed. Speak Table with two columns and two rows. Morning (column one, row one, morning). Afternoon (column two, row one, afternoon). Free (column one, row two, free). Busy (column two, row two, busy).
Fail JAWS 14.0.9002IE11 ReadingRecognized as data table, but no column headers are read out when Ctrl+Alt+Numpad+5 keyed. Speak Table with two columns and two rows. Morning (column one, row one, morning). Afternoon (column two, row one, afternoon). Free (column one, row two, free). Busy (column two, row two, busy).
OK WindowEyes 9.2IE11TableDefaults to reading top row TD cells as headers if no TH in same column. Speak Table, two rows, two columns. Morning. Afternoon. Morning, free. Afternoon, busy.
OK WindowEyes 8.4IE11TableDefaults to reading top row TD cells as headers if no TH in same column. Speak Table six start, two rows, two columns (table six, one R one C, morning). Morning. Afternoon. Morning, free. Afternoon, busy.
Fail VoiceOver OSX 10.11Safari 9.1.2 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Speak Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail VoiceOver OSX 10.10Safari 9.0.1 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Speak Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail VoiceOver OSX 10.9Safari 7.0.3 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Speak Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail VoiceOver iOS 9.1Safari iOS 9.1 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Speak Morning, afternoon. Free, busy.
Fail VoiceOver iOS 8.4Safari iOS 8.4 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Speak Morning, afternoon. Free, busy.
Fail VoiceOver iOS 7.1Safari iOS 7.1 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Speak Morning, afternoon. Free, busy.
Fail Dolphin SR 15.05IE11 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Speak Normal, morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
OK SaToGo 3.4.96.0IE11 Reading Speak Entering table, morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy. Leaving table.

SortSite rules: AccWcag1-5.1.1 AccWcag1-5.5.1

Test notes

The threshold for inclusion in these results is 5% usage in the most recent WebAIM screen reader survey. Chrome and Android still fall below the 5% threshold.

All tests were carried out with screen reader factory settings. JAWS in particular has a wide variety of settings controlling exactly what gets spoken.

Screen readers allow users to interact in different modes, and can produce very different results in each mode. The modes used in these tests are:

In the «What the user hears» column: