Data table with no TH elements Screen reader compatibility

Last updated: October 16, 2016

Expected Result: causes problems in some screen readers

Actual Result: causes problems in 31 screen reader / browser combinations

For expected failures, the results show which AT combos the failures affect. Results are recorded from the user's viewpoint, so describe the user impact of authoring errors.

WCAG Failure: F91: Failure of Success Criterion 1.3.1 for not correctly marking up table headers

Code used for this test:


        <table>
          <tbody>
            <tr>
              <td><strong>Morning</strong></td>
              <td><strong>Afternoon</strong></td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>Free</td>
              <td>Busy</td>
            </tr>
          </tbody>
        </table>
    

Change History

Last updated: October 16, 2016

Screen readerBrowserModeNotesWhat the user hears
Fail NVDA 2016.2FF48 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail NVDA 2016.2IE11 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail NVDA 2015.2FF41 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail NVDA 2015.2IE11 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail NVDA 2014.1FF31 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail NVDA 2014.1IE11 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail NVDA 2012.1FF31 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail NVDA 2012.1IE11 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail JAWS 17.0.2619FF48 ReadingNo cell headers read using Ctrl+Alt+5 - says "Column two, row two, busy" Table with two columns and two rows. Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail JAWS 17.0.2619IE11 ReadingNo cell headers read using Ctrl+Alt+5 - says "Column two, row two, busy" Table with two columns and two rows. Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail JAWS 16.0.4350FF41 ReadingNo cell headers read using Ctrl+Alt+5 - says "Column two, row two, busy" Table with two columns and two rows. Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail JAWS 16.0.4350IE11 ReadingNo cell headers read using Ctrl+Alt+5 - says "Column two, row two, busy" Table with two columns and two rows. Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail JAWS 15.0.9023FF31 ReadingNo cell headers read using Ctrl+Alt+5 - says "Column two, row two, busy" Table with two columns and two rows. Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail JAWS 15.0.9023IE11 ReadingNo cell headers read using Ctrl+Alt+5 - says "Column two, row two, busy" Table with two columns and two rows. Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail JAWS 14.0.9002FF31 ReadingNo cell headers read using Ctrl+Alt+5 - says "Column two, row two, busy" Table with two columns and two rows. Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail JAWS 14.0.9002IE11 ReadingNo cell headers read using Ctrl+Alt+5 - says "Column two, row two, busy" Table with two columns and two rows. Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail JAWS 13.0.852FF31 ReadingNo cell headers read using Ctrl+Alt+5 - says "Column two, row two, busy" Table with two columns and two rows. Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail JAWS 13.0.852IE11 ReadingNo cell headers read using Ctrl+Alt+5 - says "Column two, row two, busy" Table with two columns and two rows. Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
OK WindowEyes 9.2IE11TableDefaults to reading top row TD cells as headers if no TH in same column. Table, two rows, two columns. Morning. Afternoon. Morning, free. Afternoon, busy.
OK WindowEyes 8.4IE11TableDefaults to reading top row TD cells as headers if no TH in same column. Table five start, two rows, two columns (table five, one R one C, morning). Morning. Afternoon. Morning, free. Afternoon, busy.
Fail VoiceOver OSX 10.11Safari 9.1.2 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail VoiceOver OSX 10.10Safari 9.0.1 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail VoiceOver OSX 10.9Safari 7.0.3 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
Fail VoiceOver iOS 9.1Safari iOS 9.1 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Morning, afternoon. Free, busy.
Fail VoiceOver iOS 8.4Safari iOS 8.4 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Morning, afternoon. Free, busy.
Fail VoiceOver iOS 7.1Safari iOS 7.1 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Morning, afternoon. Free, busy.
Fail Dolphin SR 15.05IE11 ReadingTable treated as layout table - not announced as table, and no headers read. Normal, morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.
OK SaToGo 3.4.96.0IE11 Reading Entering table, morning. Afternoon. Free. Busy.

SortSite rules: AccWcag1-5.1.1

Test notes

All tests were carried out with screen reader factory settings. JAWS in particular has a wide variety of settings controlling exactly what gets spoken.

Screen readers allow users to interact in different modes, and can produce very different results in each mode. The modes used in these tests are:

In the «What the user hears» column: