IMG with ALT set to ASCII art smiley Screen reader compatibility

Last updated: September 5, 2016

Expected Result: causes problems in some screen readers

Actual Result: causes problems in 19 screen reader / browser combinations

For expected failures, the results show which AT combos the failures affect. Results are recorded from the user's viewpoint, so describe the user impact of authoring errors.

WCAG Failure: F72

Code used for this test:


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Change History

Last updated: September 5, 2016

Screen readerBrowserModeNotesWhat the user hears
Fail NVDA 2016.2FF48 ReadingReads "graphic", with no indication what the graphic is. Speak Graphic
Fail NVDA 2016.2IE11 ReadingReads "graphic", with no indication what the graphic is. Speak Graphic
Fail NVDA 2015.2FF40 ReadingReads "graphic", with no indication what the graphic is. Speak Graphic
Fail NVDA 2015.2IE11 ReadingReads "graphic", with no indication what the graphic is. Speak Graphic
Fail NVDA 2014.1FF28 ReadingReads "colon", with no indication what this means. Speak Colon
Fail NVDA 2014.1IE11 ReadingNo indication what graphic is. Speak Graphic
Fail JAWS 17.0.2619FF48 ReadingMeaningless punctuation read. Speak Graphic colon dash right-paren.
Fail JAWS 17.0.2619IE11 ReadingMeaningless punctuation read. Speak Graphic colon dash right-paren.
Fail JAWS 16.0.4350FF40 ReadingMeaningless punctuation read. Speak Graphic colon dash right-paren.
Fail JAWS 16.0.4350IE11 ReadingMeaningless punctuation read. Speak Graphic colon dash right-paren.
Fail JAWS 15.0.9023FF29 ReadingNo indication graphic is there. Speak Blank
Fail JAWS 15.0.9023IE11 ReadingNo indication graphic is there. Speak Blank
Fail JAWS 14.0.9002FF29 ReadingNo indication graphic is there. Speak Blank
Fail JAWS 14.0.9002IE11 ReadingNo indication graphic is there. Speak Blank
Fail JAWS 13.0.852FF29 ReadingNo indication graphic is there. Speak Blank
Fail JAWS 13.0.852IE11 ReadingNo indication graphic is there. Speak Blank
Fail WindowEyes 9.2IE11 ReadingMeaningless punctuation read. Speak Dash right paren
Fail WindowEyes 8.4IE11 ReadingMeaningless punctuation read. Speak Dash right paren
OK VoiceOver OSX 10.11Safari 9.1.2 ReadingTranslates some smileys to words. Speak Smiley, image
OK VoiceOver OSX 10.10Safari 8.0.6 ReadingTranslates some smileys to words. Speak Smiley, image
OK VoiceOver OSX 10.9Safari 7.0.3 ReadingTranslates some smileys to words. Speak Smiley, image
OK VoiceOver iOS 9.1Safari iOS 9.1TouchTranslates some smileys to words. Speak Smiley, image
OK VoiceOver iOS 8.4Safari iOS 8.4TouchTranslates some smileys to words. Speak Smiley, image
OK VoiceOver iOS 7.1Safari iOS 7.1TouchTranslates some smileys to words. Speak Smiley, image
Fail Dolphin SR 15.05IE11 ReadingComplete silence on image - no indication of what it is.
OK SaToGo 3.4.96.0IE11 ReadingTranslates some smileys to words. Speak Smile

SortSite rules: AccWcag1-1.1.14

Test notes

The threshold for inclusion in these results is 5% usage in the most recent WebAIM screen reader survey. Chrome and Android still fall below the 5% threshold.

All tests were carried out with screen reader factory settings. JAWS in particular has a wide variety of settings controlling exactly what gets spoken.

Screen readers allow users to interact in different modes, and can produce very different results in each mode. The modes used in these tests are:

In the «What the user hears» column: