LABELs reference controls with duplicate ids Screen reader compatibility

Last updated: September 5, 2016

Expected Result: causes problems in some screen readers

Actual Result: causes problems in 34 screen reader / browser combinations

For expected failures, the results show which AT combos the failures affect. Results are recorded from the user's viewpoint, so describe the user impact of authoring errors.

WCAG Failure: F77

Code used for this test:


        <a href='http://www.example.com'>Previous link</a>
        <label id='Label1' for='Input1'>Label One</label><input id='Input1'>
        <label id='Label1' for='Input1'>Label Two</label><input id='Input1'>
        <label id='Label1'>Label Three</label><input id='Input1' aria-labelledby='Label1'>
    

Change History

Last updated: September 5, 2016

Screen readerBrowserModeNotesWhat the user hears
OK NVDA 2016.2FF48 Reading Speak Clickable label one, edit auto complete, clickable label two, edit auto complete, label three, edit auto complete.
Fail NVDA 2016.2FF48 TabbingLabels read out don't match visible labelling. Speak Label one, label two, edit auto complete blank. Edit auto complete blank. Label one, edit auto complete blank.
OK NVDA 2016.2IE11 Reading Speak Label one, edit, label two, edit, label three, edit.
Fail NVDA 2016.2IE11 TabbingLabels read out don't match visible labelling. Speak Label two, edit blank. Label two, edit blank. Label one, edit blank.
OK NVDA 2015.2FF40 Reading Speak Label one, edit auto complete, label two, edit auto complete, label three, edit auto complete.
Fail NVDA 2015.2FF40 TabbingLabels read out don't match visible labelling. Speak Label one, label two, edit auto complete blank. Label one, label two, edit auto complete blank. Label one, edit auto complete blank.
OK NVDA 2015.2IE11 Reading Speak Label one, edit, label two, edit, label three, edit.
Fail NVDA 2015.2IE11 TabbingLabels read out don't match visible labelling. Speak Label two, edit blank. Label two, edit blank. Label one, edit blank.
OK NVDA 2014.1FF28 Reading Speak Label one, edit auto complete. Label two, edit auto complete. Label three, edit auto complete.
Fail NVDA 2014.1FF28 TabbingLabels read out don't match visible labelling. Speak Label one, label two, edit auto complete blank. Label one, label two, edit auto complete blank. Label one, edit auto complete blank.
OK NVDA 2014.1IE11 Reading Speak Label one, edit. Label two, edit. Label three, edit.
Fail NVDA 2014.1IE11 TabbingLabels read out don't match visible labelling. Speak Label two, edit blank. Label two, edit blank. Label one, edit blank.
Fail JAWS 17.0.2619FF48 ReadingWrong labels read out. Speak Label one. Blank, edit, label one, label two edit, type in text. Label two. Blank, edit, edit, type in text. Label three. Blank, edit, label one edit, type in text.
Fail JAWS 17.0.2619FF48 TabbingWrong labels read out. Speak Label one, label two, edit type in text. Edit type in text. Label one, edit type in text.
Fail JAWS 17.0.2619IE11 ReadingWrong labels read out. Speak Label one. Edit, label two edit, type in text. Label two. Edit, label two edit, type in text. Label three. Edit, label two edit, type in text.
Fail JAWS 17.0.2619IE11 TabbingWrong labels read out. Speak Label two, edit, type in text. Label two, edit, type in text. Label two, edit, type in text.
OK JAWS 16.0.4350FF40 Reading Speak Label one. Blank, edit. Label two. Blank, edit. Label three. Blank, edit.
Fail JAWS 16.0.4350FF40 TabbingWrong labels read out. Speak Label one, label two, edit type in text. Label one, label two, edit type in text. Label one, edit type in text.
OK JAWS 16.0.4350IE11 Reading Speak Label one, edit. Label two, edit. Label three, edit.
Fail JAWS 16.0.4350IE11 TabbingWrong labels read out. Speak Label two, edit, type in text. Label two, edit, type in text. Label one, edit, type in text.
OK JAWS 15.0.9023FF29 Reading Speak Label one. Blank, edit. Label two. Blank, edit. Label three. Blank, edit.
Fail JAWS 15.0.9023FF29 TabbingWrong labels read out. Speak Label one, label two, edit type in text. Label one, label two, edit type in text. Label one, edit type in text.
OK JAWS 15.0.9023IE11 Reading Speak Label one, blank. Label two, blank. Label three, blank.
Fail JAWS 15.0.9023IE11 TabbingWrong labels read out. Speak Label two, edit, type in text. Label two, edit, type in text. Label one, edit, type in text.
OK JAWS 14.0.9002FF29 Reading Speak Label one. Blank, edit. Label two. Blank, edit. Label three. Blank, edit.
Fail JAWS 14.0.9002FF29 TabbingWrong labels read out. Speak Label one, label two, edit type in text. Label one, label two, edit type in text. Label one, edit type in text.
OK JAWS 14.0.9002IE11 Reading Speak Label one, blank. Label two, blank. Label three, blank.
Fail JAWS 14.0.9002IE11 TabbingWrong labels read out. Speak Label two, edit, type in text. Label two, edit, type in text. Label one, edit, type in text.
OK JAWS 13.0.852FF29 Reading Speak Label one, blank edit, type in text. Label two, blank edit, type in text. Label three, blank edit, type in text.
Fail JAWS 13.0.852FF29 TabbingWrong labels read out. Speak Label one, label two, edit type in text. Label one, label two, edit type in text. Label one, edit type in text.
OK JAWS 13.0.852IE11 Reading Speak Label one, blank, type in text. Label two, blank, type in text. Label three, blank, type in text.
Fail JAWS 13.0.852IE11 TabbingWrong labels read out. Speak Label two, edit, type in text. Label two, edit, type in text. Label one label two label three, edit, type in text.
Fail WindowEyes 9.2IE11 ReadingWrong labels read out. Speak Label one. Label two, edit. Label two. Label two, edit. Label three. Label one, edit.
Fail WindowEyes 9.2IE11 TabbingWrong labels read out. Speak Label two, edit. Label two, edit. Label one, edit.
Fail WindowEyes 8.4IE11 ReadingWrong labels read out. Speak Label one. Edit box, label two. Label two. Edit box, label two. Label three. Edit box, label one.
Fail WindowEyes 8.4IE11 TabbingWrong labels read out. Speak Label one, label two, edit box. Label one, label two, edit box. Label one, edit box.
Fail VoiceOver OSX 10.11Safari 9.1.2 ReadingLabels read out don't make sense. Speak Label one. Label one edit text. Label two. Label one edit text. Label three. Label one edit text.
Fail VoiceOver OSX 10.11Safari 9.1.2 TabbingSame label read out for each field, causes some following content to be ignored. Speak Label one edit text. Label one edit text. Label one edit text.
Fail VoiceOver OSX 10.10Safari 8.0.6 ReadingLabels read out don't make sense. Speak Label one. Label one edit text. Label two. Label one edit text. Label three. Label one edit text.
Fail VoiceOver OSX 10.10Safari 8.0.6 TabbingSame label read out for each field, causes some following content to be ignored. Speak Label one edit text. Label one edit text. Label one edit text.
Fail VoiceOver OSX 10.9Safari 7.0.3 ReadingLabels read out don't make sense. Speak Label one. Label one edit text. Label two. Label one edit text. Label three. Label one edit text.
Fail VoiceOver OSX 10.9Safari 7.0.3 TabbingSame label read out for each field. Speak Label one edit text. Label one edit text. Label one edit text.
Fail VoiceOver iOS 9.1Safari iOS 9.1TouchLabels read out don't make sense. Speak Label one. Label one, text field. Label two. Label one, text field. Label three. Label one, text field.
Fail VoiceOver iOS 8.4Safari iOS 8.4TouchLabels read out don't make sense. Speak Label one. Label one, text field. Label two. Label one, text field. Label three. Label one, text field.
Fail VoiceOver iOS 7.1Safari iOS 7.1TouchLabels read out don't make sense. Speak Label one. Label one, text field. Label two. Label one, text field. Label three. Label one, text field.
Fail Dolphin SR 15.05IE11 ReadingLabels read out don't make sense. Speak Label one. Label one, label two, edit. Label two. Label one, label two, edit. Label three. Label one, edit.
Fail Dolphin SR 15.05IE11 TabbingLabels read out don't make sense. Speak Forms mode, label one, label two, blank line, edit. Forms mode, label one, label two, blank line, edit. Forms mode, label one, blank line, edit.
OK SaToGo 3.4.96.0IE11 Reading Speak Label one, edit, blank. Label two, edit, blank. Label three, edit, blank.
Fail SaToGo 3.4.96.0IE11 TabbingSame labels read out for each field. Speak Label one, label two, editable text, blank. Label one, label two, editable text, blank. Label one, label two, editable text, blank.

SortSite rules: AccWcag2-F77-1

Test notes

The threshold for inclusion in these results is 5% usage in the most recent WebAIM screen reader survey. Chrome and Android still fall below the 5% threshold.

All tests were carried out with screen reader factory settings. JAWS in particular has a wide variety of settings controlling exactly what gets spoken.

Screen readers allow users to interact in different modes, and can produce very different results in each mode. The modes used in these tests are:

In the «What the user hears» column: